Faza'il Sha'ban  
  (Virtues of the month of Sha'ban)  
 

 
  Ahadith on the merits of Sha'ban and Nisf Sha'ban  
 
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) informed us, “Jannat is Waajib (mandatory) for those who stay awake with the intention of making Ibaadat (worship) on the following nights: 8th, 9th and 10th of Zil Hijjah, the night of Eidul Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha'baan.” [At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb]
 
From `A'isha: She said: The Prophet stood up in prayer during part of the night and made his prostration so lengthy that I thought his soul had been taken back. When I saw this I got up and went to move his big toe, whereupon he moved, so I drew back. When he raised his head from prostration and finished praying, he said: "O `A'isha, O fair little one (humayra')! Did you think that the Prophet had broken his agreement with you?" She replied: "No, by Allah, O Messenger of Allah, but I thought that your soul had been taken back because you stayed in prostration for so long." He said: "Do you know what night this is?" She said: "Allah and His Prophet know best." He said: "This is the night of mid-Sha`ban! Verily Allah the Glorious and Majestic look at His servants on the night of mid-Sha`ban, and He forgives those who ask forgiveness, and He bestows mercy on those who ask mercy, and He gives a delay to the people of envy and spite in their state." [Bayhaqi relates from `A'isha in Shu`ab al-iman with his chain of transmission]
 
Allah looks upon His creatures on the night of mid-Sha`ban and He forgives all His servants except two: one intent on hatred, and the homicide. [Tirmidhi and Ahmad]
 
From `A'isha: I missed the Prophet one night so I went out to al-Baqi` (and found him). He said: "Were you afraid that Allah would wrong you and that His Prophet would wrong you?" I said: "O Messenger of Allah, I thought that you might have gone to visit one of your wives." He said: "Allah Glorious and Exalted descends to the nearest heaven on the night of mid-Sha`ban and He forgives to more people than the number of hairs on the hides of the sheep of the tribes of Kalb. [Tirmidhi, Ahmad, and Ibn Majah]
 
From `Ali ibn Abi Talib: The Prophet said: "The night of mid-Sha`ban let all of you spend in prayer (i.e. partly) and its day (i.e. preceding it) in fasting, for Allah descends to the nearest heaven during that night beginning with sunset and says: Is there no one asking forgiveness that I may forgive them? Is there no one asking sustenance that I may grant them sustenance? Is there no one under trial that I may relieve them? Is there not such-and-such, is there not such-and-such, and so forth until until dawn rises. [Tirmidhi, Ahmad, and Ibn Majah]
 
The Prophet (s) said, “Allah Almighty looks upon His slaves night of the mid-Sha`ban and forgives His servants (or those who are involved in worship) except for two [types]: someone who bears malice and a murderer. [Ahmad ibn Hanbal in his Musnad and at-Tirmidhi]
 
Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (r) relates, “Allah descends to the sky of the world on the night of mid-Sha`ban and He forgives every believer, except the irreverent disobedient to [his parents] (al-`aq), and the one who bears malice.” [al-Bayhaqi in his Shu`b, Ibn Khuzyma, ibn Hibban]
 
On the Night of mid-Sha`ban a caller calls out, “Is there anyone asking forgiveness, so that I might forgive him? Is there anyone asking so I may grant him?” And thus no one asks for anything except that He gives him except a profligate adultress or an idolater. [Bayhaqi in his Shu`b al-Iman from `Uthman in Abi al-`As.]
 
‘A’isha said, "Never did the Messenger of Allah completed the fasting of a month except for Ramadan. And I have never seen Him in a month fasting more therein except Sh‘aban. [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Nisa`i, at-Tirmidhi and others]
 
It is related, "Prophet used to fast the whole of Sh‘aban except a few days. [Narrated by al-Bukhari]
 
 
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